Describe the environmental pollution in your city.
You should say:
- what type of pollution it is
- why it happened
- what are the effects of this pollution
and explain how this pollution can be controlled.
Model Answer 1:
Environmental pollution is a severe modern-day problem for any county and its cities worldwide, and the situation is only getting worse for the most part. Anyway, today, I would like to talk about the same pollution problem which my city is also facing increasingly.
Not too long ago, my city used to be considered one of the safest cities in my country regarding environmental pollution. Many people from around my whole country settled down in my city in the past because of its greenery, clean air and clean water. But, today, the situation has dramatically changed because its air is not entirely safe to inhale. Too many vehicles on the roads and streets today emit carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide and nitrogen oxide. And we all know how these ingredients pollute our atmosphere and air.
As far as the surface water of my city is concerned, it is also contaminated because of too much industrial and toxic waste. Another indirect environmental pollution affecting my city is that its lands and trees are being used (some would say “destroyed”) indiscriminately to make rooms for residential and industrial buildings. And, as this happens, it takes away the oxygen supplies of my city. Anyway, as this environmental pollution occurs, people in my city are increasingly suffering from lung diseases and other respiratory problems, especially during the cold weather. Besides, the city also has to spend extra money to purify its drinking water, putting extra pressure on its budget.
This pollution can be controlled by limiting the number of private vehicles on the roads to reduce carbon emissions in the atmosphere. The city should also put in place a more efficient filtering system to stop the industrial toxic waste from entering the source of water supply. Finally, the city should adopt a scheme of planting more trees in and around the city to cleanse its polluted air.
Sample Answer 2:
I live in (..say the name of your city..) and this city has several environmental pollution issues. This city’s major environmental pollution are water pollution, air pollution and sound pollution.
The main reason for this pollution is overpopulation and rapid and unplanned industrialisation of this city. The city has more than (…say the current population level of this city…) whereas the number should have been far less. It is evitable that a large number of populations in a small city always cause environmental pollution as they use more cars, consume more energy and natural resources and create more wastages and noises.
The reason for water pollution is the uncontrolled number of industries, factories and other constructions that have grown up beside the rivers. These factories and industries produce many chemicals and other wastages that directly affect the water. Inappropriate and uncontrolled construction is another reason for water pollution in our city. The effect of water pollution is severe, the water supply would be affected, and the supply of safe and clean water would be threatened. Many people rely on the river’s water, which is directly affected. Lots of people would get sick due to water pollution, and those diseases can become epidemics if not controlled and which results in an immense loss of innocent lives.
Air pollution is also very concerning in this city, and the chemical smoke, carbon dioxide, and carbon monoxide emitted from automobiles and industries are the main reason for air pollution. This city has more than millions of automobiles and industries that are omitting the dangerous gases and ingredients causing air pollution. Air pollution is the direct reason people suffer from various dangerous diseases, including lung cancer, asthma, heart disease etc. The number of people currently suffering from these diseases is alarming, and if proper steps are not taken to prevent air pollution immediately, this number will rapidly increase.
Sound pollution is produced by the loud horns used by the cars, loud sounds used for announcements and cacophony created due to loud sounds. Aeroplanes that fly over the resident area create deafening noise as well. Air pollution is a silent killer that causes many serious diseases, including hearing and brain cancer. Air pollution directly affects the natural balance by affecting the wild lives.
The most important thing to reduce pollution in our city is to create public awareness. We are primarily creating that pollution and endangering ourselves, the Earth and other species. Without our awareness and relentless determination to prevent our city from pollution, we can’t reduce or prevent it. Strict laws should be introduced against environmental pollution, and all illegitimate industries and companies should be banned. The decentralisation of industries and offices can be effective as it would reduce the number of people currently living in this city.
Job opportunities and other facilities should be improved in rural areas so that people can manage works in their cities and villages other than coming to this city. Education and morality are two essential aspects that help people understand the necessity of keeping the city clean and healthy.