You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
In many cities, planners tend to arrange shops, schools, offices, and homes in specific areas and separate them from each other. Do you think the advantages of this policy outweigh the disadvantages?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
You should write at least 250 words.
Sample Answer 1
Today, many city developers always try to consider each part of the city for individual purpose. While some locations might be appropriate for education, the others one can be suitable to be residential areas. I personally agree with this method, although it might have had some drawbacks.
On the one hand, considering this plan by the city planners can have some negative consequences. One is that it can enhance traffic congestion inside of cities. For instance, those students living in peripheral areas have to travel several kilometres each day to reach their school, being mainly constructed in the central of cities; therefore, the number of commuters may escalate dramatically. Another reason behind it is that people living in rural areas have less access to appropriate facilities. For example, if they like to purchase furniture for their home, they cannot find them in the small retailers near their home. They have to spend hundreds of dollars for their transportation, while dwellers living in sprawling cities have better access to these items.
On the other hand, having this plan in urban areas, I believe that it will avoid overpopulation in specific locations. One crucial factor is that the more factories are moved to suburban areas, the more workers prefer to live near them instead of living in the central of cities. In particular, in Tehran, the capital city of Iran, had not the government permitted large companies to have a function in the centre, more citizens would have moved to live in the countryside, leading them to faceless the overpopulation problems. Furthermore, it can decrease the level of pollution in cities. The more shops or offices operate in cities, the more they pollute the environment. As a result, in many countries, governments have considered specific regions for these markets. In this case, in Vancouver, the government of BC has regarded as a huge place for shops near the airport, which is located outside of the metropolitan zone. This will reduce the pollution caused by these businesses far significantly.
In conclusion, although some may agree that each region should not be allocated for specific purposes, I agree. This not only can reduce the population density but also the amount of pollution in the central urban areas.
Sample Answer 2
City planners incorporate urban development to facilitate tourism, growing populations, and citizens’ needs for modern public facilities. In this quest, they organize shops, educational institutes, offices, and residential complexes in distinct areas.
This policy has both advantages and disadvantages, but overall it is beneficial. There are numerous benefits.
The first and foremost reason is that planning aids in traffic management. Because public transportation is an essential component of urban planning, such locations are usually well-served. People who drive their cars can carpool when all offices are in one location. For instance, if six residents of a residential complex need to go to work in the same area, each can drive a day per week. It would be beneficial to both people and the environment. This would also keep residential areas free of noise and traffic, making them desirable places to live.
Scrutinizing the drawbacks, It encourages the use of automobiles because people must travel long distances to go shopping or to their places of employment. This is harmful to the environment. It also wastes students’ time because they must commute to and from school significantly. Some areas may be very close to schools, while others may be far away and unsuitable.
To summarise, I believe careful urban planning is necessary for the day. Shopping centers and offices should be located in separate areas, away from residential areas. However, each residential area should be served by a nearby school so that students can benefit. Overall, the benefits of city planning outweigh the drawbacks.