IELTS Vocabulary Topic: Modern Times
brand – a type of product made by a particular company
demographics – statistical data relating to the population and particular groups within it.
globalization – the development of closer economic, cultural, and political relations among all the countries of the world
hindsight – understanding the nature of an event after it has actually happened
icon – a person or thing regarded as a representative symbol or as worthy of veneration.
identity – who or what somebody/something is
implication – a likely consequence of something
joint venture – a business or business activity that two or more people or companies work on together
monopoly – the exclusive possession or control of the supply or trade in a commodity or service.
modernization – the process of adapting something to modern needs or habits.
multiculturalism – the belief that different cultures within a society should all be given importance
projection – a calculation or guess about the future based on information that you have
proportion – the number or amount of a group or part of something when compared to the whole
ethnic – relating to a particular race of people
exotic – exciting and unusual because it is connected with foreign countries
long–term – continuing a long time into the future
sceptical – doubting that something is true or useful
subsequent – later; following; coming after
wealthy – rich
contribute – give (something, especially money) in order to help achieve or provide something.
dwindle – become smaller and smaller; shrink
urbanization – the process by which more and more people leave the countryside to live in cities
ethnicity – a large group of people who have the same national, racial, or cultural origins, or the state of belonging to such a group
astounding – very surprising or shocking
ridiculous – stupid or unreasonable
commentator – a person on radio or television who describes and discusses news events, sports, books, or other subjects
bug – (1) a very small insect. (2) a mistake or problem in a computer program
flatten off/out – to stop rising or falling, and stay at the same level
meddle – to try to change or have an influence on things that are not your responsibility
unfold – to happen as time passes.
factor in – take into account
project – to calculate an amount or number expected in the future from information already known
GDP – Gross Domestic Product: the total value of goods and services produced by a country in a year
embrace – to accept something enthusiastically
compound – to make a problem or difficult situation worse
IELTS Writing Task 2 Questions
- Some people think that in modern society one needs to focus on their career while leaving personal development and values behind. What do you think is more important? Provide specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.
- Many modern shopping centres are now becoming more popular than local market shops. What are the advantages and disadvantages of this consumer behaviour? Provide specific reasons and examples to support your position.
- The most popular modern media is the internet. Do you think it will replace all other available media of communication? Provide specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.